Throughout the colonial period, Maryland’s economy was based on one crop—tobacco. Not only slaves but also indentured servants worked the fields, and when they earned their freedom, they too secured plots of land and grew tobacco for the European market. By 1820, however, the industry was rivaling agriculture for economic preeminence. Shipbuilding, metalworking, and commerce transformed Baltimore into a major city; within 60 years, it was a leading manufacturer of men’s clothing and had the largest steel-making plant in the US.
Nowadays, as the country’s richest state, Maryland’s economy continues to outperform the country. Information technology, telecommunications, and aerospace and defense are leading forces behind Maryland’s economic growth. In the area of biotechnology, Maryland is a noted leader and is at the center of the mapping of the human genome and the commercial applications that result from its research.
Even though there are cities where poverty level has significantly increased, the state of Maryland has created programs especially designed for single mothers and that also help the low-income population. Following, you will find several of them in details:
- Maryland Children´s Health Program
Maryland Children’s Health Program (MCHP) is a program that provides medical coverage for qualifying uninsured children under the age of 19.
Uninsured children from households with higher income levels may qualify for MCHP Premium. A small premium is required to enroll in MCHP Premium. Unlike traditional health insurance, premiums for children enrolled in MCHP Premium are assessed per household rather than per child.
To get to know all the information, please visit this website.
- Maryland Medicaid
Many different groups of people may be eligible for Medicaid in Maryland. As part of health reform, Maryland expanded Medicaid to nearly all adults under age 65 with incomes at or below 138% of the Federal Poverty Level or about $1,436 per month for a household of one person in 2019.
To be eligible for Medicaid, applicants must meet Medicaid eligibility requirements. Medicaid requirements are based on state and federal law. Some requirements, such as income limits, vary depending on the different groups of people and household sizes. Children and pregnant women, for example, may be eligible at higher household income limits.
For more information about Medicaid eligibility, click on the links below. The only way to know for sure if you are eligible for Medicaid is to apply.
- Purchase of Childcare/Childcare Subsidy Program in Maryland
Purchase of Care Program is administrated by the Office of Child Car within the Maryland State Department of Education. This program is available to those who:
- Apply in their local department
- Need childcare for employment, substance abuse treatment programs or other approved activities, and
- Receive Family
For more details, please visit this link.
- Maryland Food Supplement Program
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), called the Food Supplement Program (FSP) in Maryland, formerly known as Food Stamps, helps low-income households buy the food they need for good health. Everyone has the right to apply for Food Supplement Program.
Applicants must file an application, be interviewed, and meet all financial and technical eligibility factors prior to issuance of Food Supplement Program benefits. Some people who have little or no money may qualify for Expedited Food Supplement benefits right away.
- Maryland Energy Assistance Program
The office of Home Energy Programs (OHEP) provides bill assistance to low-income households in the State of Maryland to make their energy costs more affordable and to help with the prevention of loss and the restoration of home energy service. Office of Home Energy Programs provides three different grants:
- The Maryland Energy Assistance Program (MEAP) provides financial assistance with home heating bills. Payments are made to the fuel supplier and utility company on the customer´s behalf.
- The Electric Universal Service Program (EUSP) provides financial assistance with electric bills. Eligible customers receive help that pays a portion of their current electric bills. Customers who receive Electric Universal Service Program are placed on a budget billing plan with their utility company. Budget billing is a tool that utility companies provide to help spread out year utility bills into even monthly payments to avoid spikes in their bill caused by seasonal fluctuations in energy use.
- Arrearage Retirment Assistance helps customers with large, past due electric and gas bills. If eligible, customers may receive forgiveness of up to $2,000 towards their past due bill.
The Utility Service Protection Program (USPP) is designed to protect low-income families from utility turn-offs during the heating season. All customers eligible forMaryland Energy Assistance Program may participate in the Utility Service Protection Program. Participation also requires a year-round, even monthly budget billing.